These concerned parents sat and listened in horror as Dirks cited study after study, which he claimed proved that LGBTQ, and in particular transgender people, suffer from mental illness. We are real and valid and offensive words hurt us.
Steve and Blue are of Gippsland, through their mother; they are peregrinators there but also reclaiming their birthright. The development of the menstrual symptom questionnaire. Subscription will auto renew annually.
Others examples are more subtle, such as the fact that American men who conform to what are perceived as traditionally masculine traits may avoid well-care visits with their physicians, drink and drive, engage in risky sexual practices or take on inherently dangerous occupations.
Back to top Article Information. Published Online: October 31, Create a free personal account to download free article PDFs, sign up for alerts, customize your interests, and more. Create a personal account to register for email alerts with links to free full-text articles. For example, gender, independent of sex, predicts poor outcomes after acute coronary syndrome.
NIH policies to enhance reproducibility through rigor and transparency require that researchers address and report relevant biological variables, such as sex, in human and vertebrate animal studies. They were pale shadows of their mousey selves.
National Institutes of Health began requiring that grant proposals include information as to how sex will be incorporated as a biological variable in research studies, but it has no such requirement for gender.
These problems also extend to the preclinical research on laboratory animals, tissues and cells that precede clinical trials. Authors reporting the results of clinical trials should analyze and report data separately for male and female study participants.
View Metrics. Another reason to report data by sex, gender, or both is to facilitate meta-analysis. Marianne J. Ironically, however, these same researchers assumed that medications or interventions that got the thumbs-up after testing in men would work the same way in women.
This Viewpoint explains the contexts in which sex and gender are relevant and provides suggestions for improving reporting of this characteristic.
Kogut, D. Langley clearly found any settled definition not only aesthetically undesirable but also epistemically evasive. And after Mr. Journal of Research in Personality, 12, — Behavior Research and Therapy, 13, —