Sexism: Alive and Well The presidential campaign revealed that sexism is alive and well, though not always recognizedexplicit, or acknowledged even when obvious see article by Lynn Sherr. Androgyne becomes bisexual in sexological theory: Plato to Freud and neuroscience. All the time.
Medically reviewed by Daniel Murrell, MD. Finally, local E2 concentrations increase at brain injury sitesagain suggesting a neuroprotective role for E2 in male brains. Elevated E2 concentrations are found in rete testis fluid and in semen of many species Table 1.
Fish: black porgy, Acanthopagrus schlegeli Bleekerprotandrous hermaphrodite fish ; channel catfish ; rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykis 83 ; teleost fish, Sparus aurata ; killifish, mummichog, Fundulus heteroclitus ; European eel, Anguilla anguilla ; Asian swamp eel, M onopterus albus Hypospermatogenesis and germ cell arrest, heterosexual orientation and behavior Tall stature and bilateral genu valgum, bone pain, open metacarpal and phalangeal epiphyses, and younger bone age Furthermore, Gper KO male mice display reduced cardiac function
Progress in understanding the role of estrogen in men has been made in the past two decades through identification and characterization of human patients with mutations in ESR1 or aromatase. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 77 : —, Equine Vet J 45 : —, GPER is upregulated in male brain after stroke, and GPER agonists or antagonists worsened or improved, respectively, functional outcomes following stroke 95 Das et al.
Protective E2 effects on hippocampal neurons of male mice following excitatory neurotoxicity have been shown using Cyp19 KO males. Testosterone is the hormone that causes boys to develop deeper voicesbigger muscles, and body and facial hair.
Neuroendocrine disruption: Historical roots, current progress, questions for the future. Soon, it becomes deeply embedded in our brains. It affects every aspect of our society, from high divorce rates and adolescent male violence to the exploding cults of bodybuilding and professional wrestling.
J Toxicol Environ Health B 14 : —